This disease mainly affects dogs, although occasionally cases have been reported in human and other animals, such as cats. It’s caused by a parasite and transmitted by insects similar to mosquitoes (sand flies), as known as “The mosquito’s disease”. When a sand fly bites an infected dog, it acquires the illness and after a short latency period, it transmits the disease to all the animals that it bites, thus expanding the disease.
Leishmaniasis is a serious pathology, with multiple symptoms and often lethal. Between the symptoms can be found: depression, lethargy, anorexia, skin lesions (ulcers, crusts, inflammation and secondary infections), nasal bleeding, kidney and hepatic problems, anemia, etc. Not all breeds are equally susceptible.
The appearance of symptoms depends on the kind of immunitary response that the animal develops:
As refers adverse reactions, this vaccine is safe, since for its elaboration they have used a culture media free of protein (the main cause of allergic reactions). Likewise, the residual virulence has been reduced (minor side effects, such as: fever, depression, anorexia, etc.) as they don’t use the full parasite, just microscopic parts of it.